City Of Salzburg
A UNESCO historical city center and at the foothills of the majestic Alpine territory.
Salzburg Card is your key to the city of Salzburg: it provides free admission to Salzburg's museums, free use of the Fortress funicular, the Untersberg cableway, Salzach ship service (tour 1) and public transport. Salzburg Card holders can also take advantage of a number of discounts on concerts, theater performances or Excursions to destinations in the Salzburg vicinity
Mother Nature stretches far into Salzburg's city center, offering lush meadows, avenues and ancient tree populations, palaces and ponds on the periphery. The city of Salzburg is small, clearly arranged and utterly charming: farms and grazing cows can be found inside the city limits. A culture vacation can easily be combined with a nature vacation in Salzburg's vicinity. Surrounded by the Gaisberg and Untersberg, encircled by fields and forests and countless excursion destinations in close proximity, the nearby towns and villages are a wonderful place to relax.
The fortress is over 900 years old and was originally built to guarantee the safety of the archbishops; while also serving as barracks and a prison. Today’s exterior was designed by Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach. Of particular interest are the fortress museum and the medieval stately chambers. The interior of the fortress was furnished to impress with magnificent gothic carvings, ornamental paintings and frescos, and decorative gold leaf – all of which attests to the wealth of the prince bishops.
Salzburg’s ‘Wunderkind’ – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart – was born in what is known as the ‘Hagenauer House’ at no. 9 Getreidegasse on the 27th January 1756. He lived there with his sister ‘Nannerl’ and his parents until 1773. Mozart’s ‘Geburtshaus’ now houses a museum open all year round.
Leopold and Anna Maria Mozart lived on the third floor of the ‘Hagenauer House’ at no. 9 Getreidegasse for a total of 26 years, from 1747 to 1773. The house was named after its owner, the merchant, purveyor of spices and friend of the Mozart family, Johann Lorenz Hagenauer. On the 27thJanuary 1756 it became the birthplace of the now world famous Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
In 1773, after the house in which Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart had been born became too small, the entire Mozart family moved across the river to the ‘Tanzmeisterhaus’ on the square then known as Hannibalplatz.
The building now accommodates a museum showing the various stations of the lives of the Mozart family. The building is now commonly known as ‘Mozarts Wohnhaus’ and no-one knows where Hannibalplatz is as its latter-day name is Markartplatz.
A new home for the Mozart family
The new, more spacious home provided enough room to entertain friends and musicians. From 1773 until 1787 a total of 232 letters are known to have been written by the Mozart family from this address, and a total of 215 letters exist that were delivered to this address. In the course of history many letters have been lost or destroyed.
Mozart’s mother died in Paris in 1778, and in 1784 his sister, Nannerl, married and moved to St. Gilgen. Leopold now occupied the spacious home on his own. On the 25th July 1785 his grandson Leopold Alois Pantaleon was born here and placed in his care. Following Leopold Mozart’s death on the 28th May 1787 ownership of the house changed hands several times.
Salzburg's Zoo keeping animals, both native and exotic, in an environment close to their natural surroundings has become the hallmark of Salzburg's Zoo. One of the zoo's main goals is to ensure a harmonious balance between the beauty of the local landscape in Hellbrunn and the natural environment of the animals. Special habitats are continually being developed, enabling visitors of all ages to experience the natural balance between flora and fauna. These habitats have been created using natural materials to enable animal communities from similar surroundings to be observed together in captivity.
From the beginning to tomorrow´s world
The Haus der Natur – Museum for natural science and technology – is a real crowd-puller. A tour of the museum reveals the full fascination of the natural world. At the entrance gigantic dinosaurs show how the world looked millions of years ago. Just a few steps away another section offers excitement in outer space and insights into the endless expanse of the universe. Our achievements in space travel bear witness to the age-old dream of mankind of making long journeys to faraway galaxies.
400 years Hellbrunn – a jewel on the outskirts of Salzburgs
Enjoy a visit to Hellbrunn in the south of Salzburg City. Its fantastic palace grounds offer marvelous diversity, both summer and winter.
The broad park represents an intriguing blend of sculpted grounds and natural biotopes. Likewise, the trick fountains are an experience unlike anywhere else. You are certain to be delightfully surprised!
The extensive green spaces surrounding Hellbrunn invite you to unwind as well as enjoy healthful outdoor exercise. Smaller Hellbrunn visitors can work off some of their youthful energy at an exciting playground. And animal lovers, big and small, are able to marvel at animals from around the world at Hellbrunn Zoo.
Salzburg’s Museum der Moderne Mönchsberg (MdM) consists of two buildings in two spectacular locations:
The Rupertinum is situated at the heart of the historic part of Salzburg and the museum is on Mount Mönchsberg. MdM Mönchsberg is also worth a visit simply to enjoy the sensational view across the old part of the town of Salzburg. The two MdM Salzburg buildings offer around 3000 m² of exhibition space for art from the 20th and 21st centuries. It is also the home of the Austrian photo gallery and features over 17,000 photographic works.
The magnificent New Residence on Mozart Square has housed the Salzburg Museum since the summer of 2007. The museum's fully new concept blends valuable objects of art, aesthetic presentations, interesting facts and multimedia installations into a harmonious whole. The Salzburg Museum is living proof that a modern museum can inform and yet at the same time entertain its visitors.
‘Experiences’, ‘games’ and ‘fascination’ are the three central themes spotlighted for large and small visitors alike. On the ground floor there are the marble runs, gigantic wooden toy construction sets, bobby cars and plenty of space to run around and play. On the first floor the focus is on hands-on involvement with teddy and his friends in the chamber of treasures and the doll’s house. The miniature shop gives children a chance to smell and taste real spices, play ‘customer and shopkeeper’ and see what a ‘super market’ was like a hundred years ago.
The city of Salzburg is a baroque jewel north of the Alps. Baroque churches and façades, parks and fountains were commissioned by the prince archbishops in the 17th and 18th centuries. Impressed by the luxurious splendor of the Papal States of Rome, the city of Salzburg was to blossom as well. The most famous architects of the time were called to Salzburg for this purpose. The baroque city of Salzburg is deservedly called the "Rome of the north". The impressive, magnificent buildings of the time still dominate Salzburg's ever-popular cityscape today.
Hohensalzburg Fortress is Salzburg’s best known landmark, sitting majestically high up above the city. It’s just one of many castles, palaces and stately homes you can visit in Salzburg.
While on holiday in Salzburg why not make a hands-on tour of sites that provided the backdrop to so much medieval and baroque life, and soak up the charm of ages gone by.
A totally new mountain experience. Discover the splendor of the largest ice caves in the world. You'll see ice palaces of crystal-clear beauty, taking you into a wintry world of ice, even on hot summer days. The mighty entrance to the caves, measuring 20 m wide and 18 m high, can be seen from afar. The system of caverns stretches over 42 km, the first kilometer featuring gigantic ice formations. This part is open to the public and can be viewed on a guided tour. The caves have an average temperature of 0° C throughout the summer months.
The Grossglockner High Alpine Road, the most famous road crossing the East Alps, leads directly to the heart of the Hohe Tauern National Park, to the highest mountain in Austria, the Grossglockner (3,798 m) and to the Pasterze Glacier. On 48 kilometers of panoramic road with 36 hairpin bends, ascending to 2,504 meters, motorists cross a unique alpine landscape brimming with flowering grasslands, fragrant forests, mighty rock and eternal ice to the foot of the Grossglockner.
Like a 380km-long string of pearls the Austrian Romantic Trail connects the most beautiful landscapes of Austria. All along this trail from Salzburg to Vienna fantastic lakes and mountain panoramas and especially worthwhile villages can be visited. The Austrian Romantic Trail offers cultural and culinary journeys between Salzburg and Vienna.
The journey is the reward if you have a couple of days left for exploring the 400km-long trail by car. 30 historically important villages are thread like pearls onto a string and form a "Trail for all Senses". The varied landscapes, the cultural variety and the culinary highlights that can be enjoyed along the Austrian Romantic Trail are worthwhile.
Come along on a lovely ride to the top of the Untersberg mountain in a spacious cabin of our cable car. During your ride, you will have magnificant views of the Rositten Valley and the surrounding mountains. From the cable car station atop the mountain, you can hike to the Geiereck (1805 meters), visit the mountain climbers memorial, or walk to the Salzburg Hochthron mountain (1856 meters). From the summit, you'll be able to see the beautiful Salzburg Lake District, as well as the ice-capped Hohen Tauern mountains. You will also want to visit the Hochalm restaurant and the Zeppezauer house while on the Untersberg
More than half a billion people worldwide have seen the most famous movie musical of all time, "The Sound of Music". And every year, around 300,000 fans come to Salzburg in order to visit some of the original shooting locations. And now, you can even "tie the knot" at five of those places.
- Schloss Mirabell is home to the most beautiful wedding hall in Central Europe, the Marble Hall. World-famous Mirabell Gardens, with the Pegasus Fountain – which movie buffs also know as the 'Do-Re-Mi Fountain' – provides the magical setting.
- Schloss Leopoldskron and its pond were used to represent the back of the Villa Trapp. The Venetian Room, with its golden panels and mirrors, provided inspiration for the ballroom in the film, serving today as a venue for weddings as well as receptions.
- The white gazebo was a place for lovers even in the movie: It was here that Rolf and Liesl sang "Sixteen going on Seventeen" together, and Baron von Trapp and Maria kissed for the very first time to the lyrics of "Something good". Today, that very gazebo stands in the palace grounds of Hellbrunn: It offers couples plenty of space just for one another, with an added dose of romance.
- Yet another special place to say "I do!" is Villa Trapp, in which the actual Trapp family used to live. Wedding ceremonies are held in the same rooms where Maria and the children used to reside.
Salzburg’s squares have their own charm and flair
Sometimes the best way to get to know a city is to savour a cup of coffee out on one of its best-known squares, or wander along the streets and lanes on the lookout for the myriad historical details.
There are so many beautiful places in Salzburg – town squares, streets and lanes. Each famous in its own right, each with its own individual charm.
Since 1996 the historical centre of Salzburg has been on the UNESCO list of World Cultural Heritage Sites, not least due to the numerous spacious town squares and a multitude of busy lanes and quaint passageways, some relatively unknown.
Salzburg – Rome of the North
Gazing across the rooftops at the numerous church towers and domes in the city of Salzburg it’s easy to see that Salzburg was heavily influenced by the Catholic Church. The buildings, domes and towers were built in the typical Austrian baroque style and helped Salzburg gain its reputation as the ‘Rome of the North’.
Visitors to the city of Salzburg have the opportunity to tour a great number of magnificent, well-maintained churches and hear the stories behind them.
With its traditional flair and ambiance the Salzburg Christmas Market is the perfect setting to get in the mood for Christmas. Beautiful Cathedral Square, the traditional stalls, the stars overhead and the quality of the products sold charm visitors year after year. You will be enchanted too: by traditional craftsmanship, delicious Christmas cookies, aromatic tree ornaments and many arts and crafts of the season. The Salzburg Christmas Market is an experience for all of the senses: the delicate scent of mulled wine envelops the stalls, which offer fine and fanciful, old and new items. Performances by traditional Salzburg choirs and children's groups from Salzburg schools are a magnet for visitors year after year.
Salzburg features inviting bars and pubs, wine bars, specialty restaurants and international gastronomy as well as trendy bars and hot spots. The big advantage: they are all located a stone's throw from each other.
If you plan to spend an evening outside of the city, you'll find wonderful dining locales in Salzburg's environs, including the award-winning Pfefferschiff Hallwang or the Romantikhotel Gmachl in Bergheim.
Restaurants throughout the state have joined forces under the "Salzburger Wirtshauskultur" (Culture of Salzburg Inns) brand, serving their guests typical regional foods and beverages.
Indian food can be found in restaurants like Ashoka, Hana’s Rasoi, Indian Palace restaurant and many more.
Hollywood also left its imprint on the city. The Sound of Music is one of the main reasons for many tourists and its songs are meanwhile being sung around the world. “The Sound of Music” was shot on location in the city of Salzburg and its environs. The locations can still be visited today. Both, Villa Trapp, the real mansion of the Trapp family as well as Leopoldskron Palace, which used to be the Trapp mansion in the movie offer accommodation. Also, those who wish to "tie the knot" or spend their honeymoon in a romantic site can do so in style at original shooting locations from the movie "The Sound of Music".
The city offers a sophisticated cultural program featuring more than 4,000 events all year round. The following events are the most famous:
- Mozart Week : End of January
- Easter and Whitsun Festivals, One week festival around Easter and Pentecost
- Salzburg Summer Festival End of July – End of August one of the most important and interesting music and theatre festivals in the world, featuring drama, concerts and opera since 1920. More information: Salzburgfestival.at
- Salzburg Advent Performances during Winter market season (last weekend in Nov. – Christmas)
- New Year‘s Eve
- Traditional Celebrations (Ruperti Kermess, May Pole ceremonies…)
For detailed information see event highlights in Salzburg.
Getreidegasse street is one of the most charming shopping miles in the world. Small shops and manufacturers occasionally maintain a very old tradition. Master bakers and furriers, liqueur producers and weavers, confectioners and tailors liven up the narrow streets and their romantic courtyards. The traditional shops in Salzburg’s Old City include liquor stores, an umbrella manufacturer and a small El Dorado for cheese gourmets. Fine leather goods and delicate lace can also be found in Salzburg’s historic city center. Apart from these traditional, historic shops, modern stores offer international fashion labels, upscale luxury shops and young designers. At the stylish Designer Outlet Salzburg very close to Salzburg airport a huge variety of top brands are waiting to be discovered.
A special experience is the farmer's market in front of Andrae Church: Every Thursday, vendors and farmers from all over the province display their wares, in most cases home-produced. Details
Salzburg Airport W. A. Mozart is located only 10 minutes by taxi from the city centre.
International airlines, including Austrian/Lufthansa, Turkish and airberlin/Etihad, connect Salzburg with many major cities for connecting flights world-wide. Flights from Vienna and Frankfurt are 45 minutes. Transfers by train or shuttle from Munich airport take 2 hours
Salzburg Central Train station is only a 15 minutes walk from the city centre.
The train-connection from Munich city is 1,5 hours, from Vienna 2,5 hours